• Criminal Law

  • India has a very highly developed Criminal Jurisprudence and Judicial Administration System [JAS] to deal with the offences and the offenders on its soil. The vital organs of the JAS- the Investigating Agencies, the Courts, the Prosecutors & the Defence Counsel- have proved, time and again, to be vibrant, competent, vigilant, just and fair. The Investigating Agencies are free to carryout investigation freely and fairly and arrest the suspect for custodial interrogations, if the facts and circumstances of the case so warranted. The Courts conduct free and fair inquiry & trial, giving all concerned a fair chance of being heard. The Courts judiciously exercise their discretion to grant bail and anticipatory bail to the suspect if he/ she convinces the Court that he / she will be present in the Court to face trial.  

    India follows the adversarial system, where generally the onus and burden of proof is on the State (Prosecution) to prove the case against the accused, and until and unless the allegation against the accused are proved beyond reasonable doubt, the accused is presumed to be innocent. However, in certain exceptional cases, like rape and terrorism, etc., the onus of proof has been put on the accused person, who claims to be not guilty.

    India has a three tier judiciary. The criminal trials take place before the Courts below. The Higher Courts entertain Appeals, Review, Reference & Revision. The Honble Supreme Court of India is the Apex Court of Appeals. The judiciary hierarchy is thus: the Supreme Court Of India, the High Courts of various states, and the District Courts and Special Courts & Tribunal. The Courts follow the principles of natural justice, in letter and spirit. The Judgments/ Orders passed by the Courts do not acquire finality until and unless affirmed/ confirmed by the Higher Courts- High Court of the particular State and the Hon'ble Supreme Court of India.   

    The courts in India, particularly High Courts and Supreme Court have been proactively guarding the rights of the accused. The Article 21 of the Constitution of India has been interpreted in a highly dynamic manner to protect the rights, life and liberty of the citizens. The provisions of Bail & anticipatory bail, suspension of sentence adequately take care of most of the major rights of the suspect, detainee and arrestee.

    Criminal Law or Criminology or Criminal Jurisprudence’s vital components are thus:

    • Acquittal & Conviction
    • Anticipatory Bail- U/S-438 Cr.P.C.  
    • Appeal, Review, Revision, Revisit & Recalling- Appeal [Criminal] |
    • Arrest, Detention, Police Custody & Judicial Custody.
    • Bail- Regular Bail- U/S-437 439, & 389 Cr.P.C.
    • Cancellation Of Bail- Under Section-439 (2) Of Cr.P.C.
    • Charge sheet by Police.
    • Cognizance of Offence By Magistrate- U/S-190 Cr.PC.
    • Complaints To Police/Court Complaint/Private Complaint.
    • Criminal Offences
    • Curative Petition
    • Custodial Death
    • Damages & Compensation.
    • Death Sentence.
    • Delay & Latches- Condonation of Delay.   
    • Detention- Preventive or Otherwise
    • Enquiry & Trial
    • Evidence & Witness- Cross examination of witnesses | 
    • Exemption From Personal Appearance.
    • Externment [Ousting From A Particular Locality]-  History Sheeter |  Bad Character [BC] | 
    • FIR- First Information Report
    • Framing of Charge & Discharge.   
    • Injunction & Stay- On the operation of impugned Order | Suspension of Sentence.
    • Interrogation of accused
    • Investigating Agencies
    • Investigation
    • Jail/ Prison: Prison Manual |
    • Judicial Custody.
    • Legislation, Statutes, Acts & Judgments.
    • Maintenance- U/S-125 Cr.P.C.
    • Mediation & Concilliation.
    • Misc. Petition [Criminal]- High Court- Under Section-482 of the Code of Criminal Procedure.
    • Mercy Petition to the President of India & the Governor of the State
    • NBW Cancellation 
    • Permission To Travel Abroad
    • Plea Bargaining.
    • Police Custody 
    • Police Stations
    • POCSO Cases
    • Procedural Laws.
    • Public Interest Litigation- Involving Matters Falling Under Criminal Jurispudence   
    • Quashing Of FIR & Summoning Order 
    • Rarest Of Rare Case
    • Recalling/Revisiting
    • Reference [Criminal]
    • Review [Criminal]    
    • Revision [Criminal]
    • Sentence & Imprisonment- Suspension of Sentence |
    • Special Leave Petition [Criminal]- Under Articles-136 OF The Constitution of India.
    • Speedy Trial.
    • State Cases on FIR- Police Cases | CBI Cases | DRI Cases
    • Substantive Laws.
    • Summoning of Accused.
    • Transfer Petition: Criminal.
    • Warrants- Bailable Warrants & Non Bailable Warrant- NBW Cancellation.
    • Writ Petition[Criminal]- High Court- Under Articles-226 Of The Constitution of India
    • Writ Petition[Criminal]- Hon'ble Supreme Court- Under Articles-32 Of The Constitution of India

    Criminal Courts & Fora 

    • Supreme Court Of India
    • High Courts Of Various States
    • District & Sessions Judge [D&SJ] 
    • Metropolitan Magistrates [MM]
    • Judicial Magistrates [JM]
    • Special Criminal Courts- NI Act Court | PC Act Court | TADA Court | NIA Court| 
    • Mediators & Conciliators.

    Investigating Agencies In India: 

    • Crime Against Women Cell [CAW Cell]
    • Crime Branch
    • Central Bureau of Investigation [CBI]
    • Central Economic Intelligence Bureau [CEIB]- Apex Intelligence & Co-ordinating body
    • Central Vigilance Commission [CVC]
    • Comptroller and Auditor General of India [CAG].
    • Delhi Commission for Women [DCW]
    • Directorate General of Central Excise Intelligence [DGCEI]- For Central Excise related offences.
    • Directorate General of Income Tax (Investigation) [DGIT]- For Income Tax related offences
    • Directorate General of Revenue Intelligence [DGRI]- For Customs related offences
    • Directorate of Revenue Intelligence [DRI]
    • Economic Offence Wing [EOW]
    • Enforcement Directorate [ED]- Investigates violation of money laundering and foreign exchange laws
    • Indian Govt. Limbs & Foreign Missions 
    • Intelligence Bureau (IB)
    • Local Police
    • Narcotics Control Bureau [NCB]- For Drugs related offences
    • National Commission for Women [NCW]
    • National Investigative Agency [NIA]
    • National Technical Research Organisation (NTRO)
    • Research and Analysis Wing (RAW)
    • Serious Fraud Investigation Office [SFIO]- The SFIO is a multi-disciplinary organization under Ministry of Corporate Affairs, consisting of experts in the field of accountancy, forensic auditing, law, information technology, investigation, company law, capital market and taxation for detecting and prosecuting or recommending for prosecution white-collar crimes/frauds.
    • Senior Citizen Cell.
    • Women Helpline Nos.

    Concerned Ministry/ Ministries

    • Ministry of Law Justice & Company Affairs.

    Legislations Governing Substantive And Procedural Criminal Laws

    The list of the Crimes & Offences, as shown and described in multiple Acts and Statutes, is unexhaustive. However, the Crimes & Offences can be broadly divided into the following categories:

    Criminal Offences

    • Cognizable offence & Non-cognizable offence;
    • Bailable offence & Non-bailable offence;
    • Compoundable offence & Non-compoundable offence.

    List of Substantive Criminal Offences 

    Judgments & Citations: Criminal Law

    Landmark Judgments Relating To Criminal Law

    1. Anupam J. Kulkarni [CBI Vs. Anupam J. Kulkarni]- Judicial custody & Police Custody [JC & PC]- Police Remand Can Not Exceed 15 Days.
    2. Ashok Kumar V. UOI- CrPC- S-433- Constitutional Validity Of Section 433-A Of CrPC.
    3. Chanmuniya Vs. Virendra Kumar Singh Kushwaha- Live-In-Relationships- Right Of Maintenance In.
    4. D.K. Basu V. State Of Bengal- Arrest And Detention- SC Guidelines Relating To Rights Of Arrested Person.
    5. Dina Nath Vs. Emperor- Summary Trial- No Summary Trial In Serious Or Complicated Cases
    6. Joginder Kumar Vs. State Of UP- Arrest And Detention- SC Guidelines Relating To Rights Of The Arrested Person.
    7. Lalita Kumari Vs. State Of UP- FIR- Mandatory In Cognizable Cases.
    8. Mohd. Ahmad Khan Vs Shah Bano Begum- CrPC-S-125- Intra-virus.
    9. Mubarak Ali Vs. State Of Bombay- Jurisdiction of the Court- Offence Triable Where The Act Is Done
    10. Naresh Vs. State Of UP- CrPC- S 362- Alteration Of Conviction U/S 302 IPC To One U/S 304 IPC By HC Is Not Justified U/S-362 Of CrPC.
    11. Nilabati Bahera Vs. State Of Orissa- Arrest And Detention- Unlawful- Compensation In Case Of.
    12. Rasiklal Vs. Kishore Khanchand Wadhwani- CrPC- S-436- Right To Bail U/S-436 In Bailable Offences Is An Absolute And Indefeasible Right.
    13. Rustam [State Of Madhya Pradesh Vs. Rustum]- CrPC- S-167- Computation Of Period Of 60/90 Days U/S 167 Of CrPC.
    14. Satya Pal Singh Vs. State Of MP- Appeal Against Acquittal- Father Of Deceased Victim Has Right To Appeal.
    15. Shakuntala Devi Vs. State Of U.P- CrPC- S-200- Alternative Remedy- Availability Of Civil Remedy Does Not Bar Filing Of A Case U/S 200 Of CrPC.
    16. Sheela Barse Vs. State Of Maharashtra- Arrest And Detention- Rights Of Women Relating To.
    17. Shiv Shankar Singh Vs. State Of Bihar- FIR- Filing Of Multiple FIR.
    18. Singhara Singh [State Of UP Vs. Singhara Singh]- CrPC-S-164- S-164 By Necessary Implication Prohibits The Magistrate From Giving Oral Evidence Of The Confession Made To Him.
    19. Surendra Singh Vs. State Of UP- Orders & Judgments- Where A Judge Who Wrote The Judgment Dies Before It Was Delivered Or Pronounced, Another Judge Can Not Deliver It.
    20. Gurbaksh Singh Sibbia V. State Of Punjab- Bail & Anticipatory Bail- SC Guidelines Relating To.
    21. Jagdish Ram V. State Of Rajasthan- Quashing Of FIR.

    Judgments- Different Categories

     Prime Legal Provisions, As Provided In The Code Of Criminal Procedure, 1973

    • Absence, Non-Appearance, Death & Exemption From Personal Appearance- Power to dispense with personal attendance [S-(115)/Ch.VIII]/ Magistrate may dispense with personal attendance of accused [S-(205) /Ch.XVI]/ Absence of complainant [S-(249) /Ch.XIX-C]/ Non-appearance or death of complainant [S-(256) /Ch.XX]/ Power to stop proceedings in certain cases [S-(258) /Ch.XX].
    • Accomplice- Tender of pardon to accomplish [S-(306) /Ch.XXIV].
    • Accused/Suspect/Arrestee/Detainee/ Confined Person- Right of arrested person to meet an advocate of his choice during interrogation [S-(41) /Ch.V]/ Person arrested to be informed of grounds of arrest and of right to bail [S-(50) /Ch.V]/ Examination of accused by medical practitioner at the request of police officer [S-(53) /Ch.V]/ Identification of person arrested [S-(54-A) /Ch.V]/ Person arrested not to be detained more than twenty-four hours [S-(57) /Ch.V]/ Arrest to be made strictly according to the Code [S-(60-A) /Ch.V]/ Search for persons wrongfully confined [S-(97) /Ch.VII-B]/ Power to compel restoration of abducted females [S-(98) /Ch.VII-B]/ Person once convicted or acquitted not to be tried for same offence [S-(300) /Ch.XXIV]/ Right of person against whom proceedings are instituted to be defended [S-(303) /Ch.XXIV]/ Legal aid to accused at State expense in certain cases [S-(304) /Ch.XXIV]/ Procedure when corporation or registered society is an accused [S-(305) /Ch.XXIV]/ Maximum period for which an under trial prisoner can be detained [S-(436-A) /Ch.XXXIII].
    • Accused- Lunatic & Unsound Mind- Procedure in case of accused being lunatic [S-(328) /Ch.XXV]/ Procedure in case of person of unsound mind tried before Court [S-(329) /Ch.XXV]/ Release of lunatic pending investigation or trial [S-(330) /Ch.XXV]/ Judgment of acquittal on ground of unsoundness of mind [S-(334) /Ch.XXV]/ Delivery of lunatic to care of relative or friend [S-(339) /Ch.XXV].
    • Anticipatory Bail- Direction for grant of bail to person apprehending arrest [S-(438) /Ch.XXXIII].
    • Appeals- No appeal to lie unless otherwise provided [S-(372) /Ch.XXIX]/ Appeal from orders requiring security or refusal to accept or rejecting surety for keeping peace or good behaviour [S-(373) /Ch.XXIX]/ Appeals from convictions [S-(374) /Ch.XXIX]/ Appeal in case of acquittal [S-(378) /Ch.XXIX]/ Petition of appeal [S-(382)/Ch.XXIX]/ Abatement of appeals [S-(394) /Ch.XXIX].     
    • Appellate Court- Powers of the Appellate Court [S-(386) /Ch.XXIX]/ Appellate Court may take further evidence or direct it to be taken [S-(391) /Ch.XXIX].   
    • Arguments- Oral arguments and memorandum of arguments [S-(314) /Ch.XXIV].
    • Bail- Suspension of sentence pending the appeal; release of appellant on bail [S-(389) /Ch.XXIX]/ Suspension of execution of sentence of imprisonment [S-(424) /Ch.XXXII-C]/ When bail may be taken in case of non-bailable offence [S-(437) /Ch.XXXIII]/ Special powers of High Court or Court of Session regarding bail [S-(439) /Ch.XXXIII].
    • Bailable offence [S-2(a)/Ch.I].
    • Bonds & Sureties- Amount of bond and reduction thereof [S-(440) /Ch.XXXIII]/ Bond of accused and sureties [S-(441) /Ch.XXXIII]/ Declaration by sureties [S-(441-A) /Ch.XXXIII]/ Discharge of sureties [S-(444) /Ch.XXXIII]/ Section-445: Deposit instead of recognizance [S-(445) /Ch.XXXIII]/ Procedure when bond has been forfeited [S-(446) /Ch.XXXIII]/ Cancellation of bond and bail bond [S-(446-A) /Ch.XXXIII]/  Appeal from orders under section 446 [S-(449) /Ch.XXXIII]/ Power to direct levy of amount due on certain recognizances [S-(450) /Ch.XXXIII].
    • Charge Sheet- Police Report- Report of police officer on completion of investigation [S-(173) /Ch.XII]/ Supply to the accused of copy of police report and other documents [S-(205) /Ch.XVI]/ Supply of copies of statements and documents to accused in other cases triable by Court of Session [S-(208) /Ch.XVI].
    • Charge- Framing of- Effect of errors [S-(215) /Ch.XVII-A]/ Court may alter charge [S-(216) /Ch.XVII-A]/ Recall of witnesses when charge altered [S-(217) /Ch.XVII-A]- Joinder of charges- Separate charges for distinct offences [S-(218) /Ch.XVII-B]/ Three offences of same kind within year may be charged together [S-(219) /Ch.XVII-B]/ Trial for more than one offence [S-(220) /Ch.XVII-B]- Trial Before A Court Of Session- Discharge [S-(227) /Ch.XVIII]/ Framing of charge [S-(228) /Ch.XVIII]- Trial Of Warrant-Cases By Magistrates- Cases instituted on a police report- When accused shall be discharged [S-(239) /Ch.XIX-A]/ Framing of charge [S-(240) /Ch.XIX-A]- Cases instituted otherwise than on police report- When accused shall be discharged [S-(245) /Ch.XIX-B]/ Procedure where accused is not discharged [S-(246) /Ch.XIX-B]- Trial Of Summons-Cases By Magistrates- Substance of accusation to be stated [S-(251) /Ch.XX].
    • Cognizable offence [S-2(c) /Ch.I].
    • Cognizance- Conditions Requisite For Initiation Of Proceedings- Cognizance of offences by Magistrates [S-(190) /Ch.XIV]/ Cognizance of offences by Courts of Session [S-(193) /Ch.XIV].
    • Commitment of case- Commitment of case to Court of Session when offence is triable exclusively by it [S-(209) /Ch.XVI].
    • Complaint [S-2(d) /Ch.I].
    • Complaints To Magistrates- Examination of complainant [S-(200) /Ch.XV]/ Postponement of issue of process [S-(201) /Ch.XV]/ Dismissal of complaint [S-(203) /Ch.XV]/ Procedure to be followed when there is a complaint case and police investigation in respect of the same offence [S-(210) /Ch.XVI].
    • Damages & Compensation & Cost- Compensation for accusation without reasonable cause [S-(250) /Ch.XIX-B]/ Order to pay compensation [S-(357) /Ch.XXVII]/ Victim compensation scheme [S-(357-A) /Ch.XXVII]/ Compensation to persons groundlessly arrested [S-(358) /Ch.XXVII]/ Order to pay costs in non-cognizable cases [S-(359) /Ch.XXVII].
    • Defamation- Prosecution for defamation [S-(199) /Ch.XIV]/ Procedure in cases instituted under section 199(2) [S-(237) /Ch.XVIII].
    • Diary, Case- Diary of proceeding in investigation [S-(172) /Ch.XII].
    • Document- Summons to produce document or other thing [S-(91) /Ch.VII-A]/ Power to impound document, etc., produced [S-(104)/Ch.VII-D]/ No formal proof of certain documents [S-(294) /Ch.XXIII].
    • FIR- Information in cognizable cases [S-(154) /Ch.XII]/ Information as to non-cognizable cases and investigation of such cases [S-(155) /Ch.XI].
    • Habeas Corpus- Attendance Of Persons Confined Of Detained In Prisons- Power to require attendance of prisoners [S-(267) /Ch.XXII]/ Prisoner to be brought to Court in custody [S-(270) /Ch.XXII].
    • High Court- Order of High Court on appeal to be certified to lower Court [S-(388) /Ch.XXIX].
    • Inquiry [S-2(g) /Ch.I].
    • Inherent Powers. Discretionary Powers-  Savings [S-(265-J) /Ch.XXI-A]/ Saving of inherent power of High Court [S-(482) /Ch.XXXVII]/ Duty of High Court to exercise continuous superintendence over Courts of Judicial Magistrates [S-(483) /Ch.XXXVII]/
    • Inspection- Local inspection [S-(310) /Ch.XXIV].
    • Investigation [S-2(h) /Ch.I]- Police officer's power to investigate cognizable cases Information as to non-cognizable cases and investigation of such cases [S-(156) /Ch.XI]/ Power to hold investigation or preliminary inquiry [S-(159) /Ch.XII]/ Police Officer's power to require attendance of witnesses [S-(160) /Ch.XII]/ Examination of witnesses by police [S-(161) /Ch.XII]/ Statements to police not to be signed: Use of statements in evidence [S-(162) /Ch.XII]/ No inducement to be offered [S-(163) /Ch.XII]/ Recording of confessions and statements [S-(164) /Ch.XII]/ Procedure when investigation cannot be completed in twenty-four hours [S-(167) /Ch.XII]/ Release of accused when evidence deficient [S-(169) /Ch.XII].
    • Irregularities & Defects- Irregularities which do not vitiate proceedings [S-(460) /Ch.XXXV]/ Irregularities which vitiate proceedings [S-(461) /Ch.XXXV]/ Proceedings in wrong place [S-(462) /Ch.XXXV]/ Non-compliance with provisions of section 164 or section 281 [S-(463) /Ch.XXXV]/ Effect of omission to frame, or absence of, or error in, charge [S-(464) /Ch.XXXV]/ Finding or sentence when reversible by reason of error, omission or irregularity [S-(465) /Ch.XXXV]/ Defect or error not to make attachment unlawful [S-(466) /Ch.XXXV].
    • Jail & Imprisonment- Power to appoint place of imprisonment [S-(417) /Ch.XXXII-B].
    • Judges, Court, Public servants, Administration Of Justice- Offences Affecting The- Prosecution for contempt of lawful authority of public servants, for offences against public justice and for offences relating to documents given in evidence[S-(195) /Ch.XIV]/ Prosecution of Judges and public servants [S-(197) /Ch.XIV]/ Affidavit in proof of conduct of public servants [S-(295) /Ch.XXIII-B]/ Procedure in cases mentioned in section 195 [S-(340) /Ch.XXVI]/ Appeal [S-(341)/Ch.XXVI]/ Procedure of Magistrate taking cognizance [S-(343) /Ch.XXVI]/ Summary procedure for trial for giving false evidence [S-(344) /Ch.XXVI]/ Procedure in certain cases of contempt [S-(345) /Ch.XXVI]/ Discharge of offender on submission of apology [S-(348) /Ch.XXVI]/ Imprisonment or committal of person refusing to answer or produce document [S-(349) /Ch.XXVI]/ Summary procedure for punishment for non-attendance by a witness in obedience to summons [S-(350) /Ch.XXVI]/ Appeals from convictions under sections 344, 345, 349 and 350 [S-(351) /Ch.XXVI]/ Certain Judges and Magistrates not to try certain offences when committed before themselves [S-(352) /Ch.XXVI]/ Court- Court to be open [S-(327) /Ch.XXIV]/ Power of Additional Sessions Judge [S-(400) /Ch.XXX]/ Power to order inquiry [S-(396) /Ch.XXX].
    • Judgments & Orders- Court not to alter judgment [S-(361)/ Ch.XXVII]/ Copy of judgment to be given to the accused and other persons [S-(363) /Ch.XXVII]/ Judgment when to be translated [S-(364) /Ch.XXVII]/ Finality of judgments and orders on appeal [S-(393) /Ch.XXIX].
    • Limitation & Latches- Bar to taking cognizance after lapse of the period of limitation [S-(468) /Ch.XXXVI]/ Commencement of the period of limitation [S-(469) /Ch.XXXVI]/ Exclusion of time in certain cases [S-(470) /Ch.XXXVI]/ Exclusion of date on which Court is closed [S-(471) /Ch.XXXVI]/ Continuing offence [S-(472) /Ch.XXXVI]/ Extension of period of limitation in certain cases [S-(473) /Ch.XXXVI].
    • Maintenance- Order for maintenance of wives, children and parents [S-(125) /Ch.IX]/ Alteration in allowance [S-(127) /Ch.IX]/ Enforcement of order of maintenance [S-(128) /Ch.IX].
    • Matrimonial- Prosecution for offences against marriage [S-(198) /Ch.XIV]/ Prosecution of offences under section 498A of the Indian Penal Code [S-(198-A) /Ch.XIV].
    • Non-cognizable offence [S-2(l) /Ch.I].
    • Offence [S-2(n) /Ch.I].
    • Plea Bargaining- Application of the Chapter [S-(265-A) /Ch.XXI-A]/ Application for plea bargaining [S-(265-B) /Ch.XXI-A]/ Guidelines for mutually satisfactory disposition [S-(265-C) /Ch.XXI-A]/ Report of the mutually satisfactory disposition to be submitted before the Court [S-(265-D) /Ch.XXI-A]/ Power of the Court in plea bargaining [S-(265-H) /Ch.XXI-A]/ Statements of accused not to be used [S-(265-J) /Ch.XXI-A].
    • Police Report [S-2(r) /Ch.I].
    • PO [Proclamation and attachment] [Ch.VI-C]- Proclamation for person absconding [S-(82) /Ch.VI-C]/ Attachment of property of person absconding [S-(83) /Ch.VI-C]/ Claims and objections to attachment [S-(84) /Ch.VI-C]/ Release, sale and restoration of attached property [S-(85) /Ch.VI-C]/ Appeal from order rejecting application for restoration of attached property [S-(86) /Ch.VI-C].
    • Probation- Order to release on probation of good conduct or after admonition [S-(360) /Ch.XXVII].
    • Proof & Proving- Previous conviction of acquittal how proved [S-(298) /Ch.XXIII-B].
    • Public Order- Security for keeping the peace in other cases [S-(107)/Ch.VIII]- Public nuisances- Conditional order for removal of nuisance [S-(133) /Ch.X-B]/ Power of Magistrate to furnish written instructions, etc. [S-(139) /Ch.X-B]/ Procedure on order being made absolute and consequences of disobedience [S-(141) /Ch.X-B]/ Injunction pending inquiry [S-(142) /Ch.X-B]/ Magistrate may prohibit repetition or continuance of public nuisance [S-(143) /Ch.X-B]- Urgent cases of nuisance or apprehended danger- Power to issue order in urgent cases of nuisance or apprehended danger [S-(144) /Ch.X-C/ Power to prohibit carrying arms in procession or mass drill or mass training with arms [S-(144-A) /Ch.X-C]- Disputes as to immovable property- Procedure where dispute concerning land or water is likely to cause breach of peace [S-(145) /Ch.X-D]/ Power to attach subject of dispute and to appoint receiver [S-(146) /Ch.X-D]/ Dispute concerning right of use of land or water [S-(147) /Ch.X-D]/ Local inquiry [S-(148) /Ch.X-D]/ Preventive Actions of Police- Police to prevent cognizable offences [S-(149) /Ch.XI]/ Arrest to prevent the commission of cognizable offences [S-(151) /Ch.XI]/ Prevention of injury to public property [S-(151) /Ch.XI].
    • Reference- Reference to High Court [S-(395) /Ch.XXX]/ Disposal of case according to decision of High Court [S-(396) /Ch.XXX]/
    • Revision- High Court's powers of revision [S-(401)/ Ch.XXX]/ Sessions Judge's powers of revision [S-(399) /Ch.XXX]/ Calling for records to exercise powers of revision [S-(397) /Ch.XXX].
    • Search & Seizure- Search-Warrant- When search-warrant may be issued [S-(93) /Ch.VII-B]/ Direction, etc., of search-warrants [S-(99) /Ch.VII-C]/ Magistrate may direct search in his presence [S-(103)/Ch.VII-D]/ Search by police officer [S-(165) /Ch.XII].
    • Sentence Of Imprisonment- Execution, Suspension, Remission And Commutation Of Sentences- Period of detention undergone by the accused to be set off against the sentence of imprisonment [S-(265-I) /Ch.XXI-A]/ Procedure when Magistrate cannot pass sentence sufficiently severe [S-(325) /Ch.XXIV]/ Sentence on offender already sentenced for another offence [S-(427) /Ch.XXXII-D]/ Period of detention undergone by the accused to be set off against the sentence of imprisonment [S-(428) /Ch.XXXII-D]/ Power to suspend or remit sentences [S-(432) /Ch.XXXII-E]/ Power to commute sentence [S-(433) /Ch.XXXII-E]/ Restriction on powers of remission or commutation in certain cases [S-(433A) /Ch.XXXII-E]/ Concurrent power of Central Government in case of death sentences [S-(434) /Ch.XXXII-E]/ State Government to act after consultation with Central Government in certain cases [S-(435) /Ch.XXXII-E].
    • Specimen Signatures Or Handwriting- Power of Magistrate to order person to give specimen signatures or handwriting [S-(311-A) /Ch.XXIV].
    • Suicide- Police to inquire and report on suicide, etc [S-(174) /Ch.XII]/ Inquiry by Magistrate into cause of death [S-(176) /Ch.XII].
    • Summon Cases & Warrant Cases [S-2(x) /Ch.I]-
    • Summons/ Process- Summons how served [S-(62) /Ch.VI-A]/ Service of summons on corporate bodies and societies [S-(63) /Ch.VI-A]/ Service when persons summoned cannot be found [S-(64) /Ch.VI-A]/ Procedure when service cannot be effected as before provided [S-(65) /Ch.VI-A]/ Service on Government servant [S-(66) /Ch.VI-A]/ Service of summons outside local limits [S-(67) /Ch.VI-A]/ Police Officer’s power to summon persons [S-(175) /Ch.XII]/ Commencement Of Proceedings Before Magistrates- Issue of process [S-(204) /Ch.XVI]/ Power to proceed against other persons appearing to be guilty of offence [S-(319) /Ch.XXIV]/
    • Threat- Procedure for witnesses in case of threatening, etc [S-(195-A) /Ch.XIV].
    • TIP- Test Identification Report- Identification report of Magistrate [S-(291-A) /Ch.XXIII-B].
    • Transfer- Power of Supreme Court to transfer cases and appeals [S-(406) /Ch.XXXI]/ Power of High Court to transfer cases and appeals [S-(407) /Ch.XXXI]/ Power of Sessions Judge to transfer cases and appeals [S-(408) /Ch.XXXI].
    • Trial- Trial Of Warrant-Cases By Magistrates- Cases instituted on a police report- Compliance with section 207 [S-(238) /Ch.XIX-A]/ Provision for inquiries and trial being held in the absence of accused in certain cases [S-(317) /Ch.XXIV]/ Procedure where accused does not understand proceedings [S-(318) /Ch.XXIV].
    • Trial- Trial Of Warrant-Cases By Magistrates- Cases instituted otherwise than on police report- Evidence for prosecution [S-(244) /Ch.XIX-B]/ Evidence for defence  [S-(247) /Ch.XIX-B].
    • Trial- Trial Of Summons-Cases By Magistrates- Conviction on plea of guilty in absence of accused in petty cases [S-(253) /Ch.XX]/ Power of Court to convert summons-cases into warrant cases [S-(259) /Ch.XX].
    • Warrants- Bailable & Non-Bailable- Warrants of arrest [Ch.VI-B]- Procedure of arrest of person against whom warrant issued [S-(80) /Ch.VI-B]/ Procedure by Magistrate before whom such person arrested is brought [S-(81) /Ch.VI-B]/ Issue of warrant in lieu of, or in addition to, summons [S-(87) /Ch.VI-D]/ Power to take bond for appearance [S-(8b) /Ch.VI-D]/ Arrest on breach of bond for appearance [S-(89) /Ch.VI-D]/ Warrant for levy of fine [S-(421) /Ch.XXXII-C].
    • Warrant Cases [S-2(x) /Ch.I] & Summon Cases.

    Drafts & Formats

    • Appeals [Criminal]
    • Applications- Recalling/Revisiting Applications | NBW Cancellation |
    • Complaints- Police Complaint | Court Complaints
    • Curative Petition
    • Review Petition [Criminal]
    • Revisions Petition [Criminal]
    • Misc. Petition [Criminal]- High Court
    • Writ Petition[Criminal]- High Court- Custodial Death | Externment- History Sheet | Preventive Detention.
    • Writ Petition[Criminal ]-Hon'ble Supreme Court of India
    • Mercy Petition to the President of India & the Governor of the State.

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