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498A IPC | Dowry Demand & Allied Laws

The S-498A of the Indian Penal Code, 1860, pertains to the offence of cruelty being committed on a married woman by her Husband or the relatives of her husband. As per the law of land, every information to the police relating to the commission of offence under Section-498A of the Indian Penal Code (For short IPC) is supposed to be converted into a formal FIR. The registration of the FIR follows a Police investigation in the Case. The Police have lot of discretion in the matter of investigation and interrogations. The Police can seek custodial interrogation of the husband and his relatives, and at the same time, it can opt not to press for that. The custodial interrogation means interrogation by the Police after arresting the person concerned. To curb the misuse of this desertion by the Police, the Courts, i.e., the High Courts all over India and the Hon’ble Supreme Court of India have passed, from time to time, the Orders, Judgments, and Guidelines directing the Police not to arrest the husband and/ or his relatives in a particular facts and circumstances. The Superior Officers of the Police also often issue such Guidelines to the concerned Investigating Officers (IOs) at their command as might be essential for the due compliance of the Court Orders and Judgments.

Other Related Feminine Issues In India

Feminine Jurisprudence and Gender Bias Laws in India- Gender Justice- Sub Themes- Women Rights in India- The Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance, 2018- Rights of a Rape Survivor- Why the amendment was required- Sexual Harassment at Work Places- Rights of the Girl Children and Safeguards- Gender Based Wage Gap in India and abroad- Concurrence of Laws in India with International Convention- Genesis of Increasing Crime and Atrocities against Women- Women Empowerment- Surrogacy Rights in India (Rights of Surrogate Mothers)- J. S. Verma, J Committee Report- Marital Rape under IPC- Section 377- Misuse of Gender Biased Laws in India- Overlapping Offences and other inconsistencies in Indian Criminal Legal System- The Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) Act, 1971.

Governing Legislations

Criminal Courts

  • Supreme Court Of India
  • High Courts Of Various States
  • District & Sessions Judge [D&SJ] 
  • Metropolitan Magistrates [MM]
  • Judicial Magistrates [JM]
  • Mediators & Concilliators.

Other Criminal Foras

  • Crime Against Women Cell [CAW Cell]
  • Central Bureau of Investigation [CBI]
  • Central Vigilance Commission [CVC]
  • Comptroller and Auditor General of India [CAG].
  • Delhi Commission for Women [DCW]
  • Enforcement Directorate [ED]
  • Indian Govt. Limbs & Foreign Missions 
  • Intelligence Bureau (IB)
  • National Commission for Women [NCW]
  • National Technical Research Organisation (NTRO)
  • Research and Analysis Wing (RAW)
  • Serious Fraud Investigation Office [SFIO]- SFIO is a multi-disciplinary organization under Ministry of Corporate Affairs, consisting of experts in the field of accountancy, forensic auditing, law, information technology, investigation, company law, capital market and taxation for detecting and prosecuting or recommending for prosecution white-collar crimes/frauds.
  • Senior Citizen Cell.
  • Women Helpline Nos.

Related Links

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